Joint mobilization is a manual therapy intervention, a type of passive movement of a skeletal joint. It is usually aimed at a ‘target’ synovial joint with the aim of achieving a therapeutic effect. When applied to the spine, it is known as spinal mobilization.
Soft Tissue Mobilization
The goal of soft tissue mobilization (STM) is to break up inelastic or fibrous muscle tissue (called ‘myofascial adhesions’) such as scar tissue from any injury, move tissue fluids, and relax muscle tension.
Manual Traction/Joint Distraction
Manual traction/joint distraction is a form of decompression therapy that relieves pressure within the joint and spine. Manual traction is the act of pulling something along a surface using motive power. Joint distraction is the separation of joint surfaces without rupture of their binding ligaments and without displacement. Both are used to achieve space within the disc, synovial joints, as well as take pressure off any surrounding nerves.
Myofascial release (or MFR) is an alternative to medicinal therapy that treats skeletal muscle immobility and pain by relaxing contracted muscles, improving blood flow and lymphatic circulation, as well as stimulating the stretch reflex in muscles.